In the present study, the theoretical basis for the formation of cooperations between business and government is examined. The book shows an analysis of the situation on the Russian market of small and medium enterprises in times of financial crisis. The methodology of sociological research on the state of small and medium enterprises during the financial crisis is disclosed. The analysis presents the results of the survey of small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia during this crisis. In conclusion, the influence of the legal uncertainty and excessive regulation on the activity of Russian companies will be discussed.